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Pulsed electromagnetic fields used in regenerative medicine: An in vitro study of the skin wound healing proliferative phase

Abstract

Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of extremely low frequency-pulsed electromagnetic fields (ELF-PEMF) in accelerating the wound healing process in vitro and in vivo. Our study focuses specifically on ELF-PEMF applied with the Magnomega® device and aims to assess their effect during the main stages of the proliferative phase of dermal wound closure, in vitro. Thus, after the characterization of the EMFs delivered by the Magnomega® unit, primary culture of human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) were exposed, or not for the control culture, to 10–12 and 100 Hz ELF-PEMF. These parameters are used in clinical practice by physiotherapists in order to enhance healing of dermal lesions in patients. HDFs proliferation was first assessed and revealed an increase in the expression of one of the two genetic markers of cell proliferation tested (PCNA and MKI67), after initial exposure of the cells to 10–12 Hz PEMF. Next, migration of HDFs was investigated by performing scratch assays on HDF layers. The observed wound closure kinetics corroborate the early organization of actin stress fibers that was revealed in the cytoplasm of HDFs exposed to 100 Hz ELF-PEMF. Also, maturation of HDFs into myofibroblasts was significantly increased in cells exposed to 10–12 or to 100 Hz PEMF. The present study is the first to demonstrate, in vitro, an early stimulation of HDFs, after their exposure to ELF-PEMF delivered by the Magnomega® device, which could contribute to an acceleration of the wound healing process.

Bioelectromagnetics, EarlyView.  

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Abstract

Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of extremely low frequency-pulsed electromagnetic fields (ELF-PEMF) in accelerating the wound healing process in vitro and in vivo. Our study focuses specifically on ELF-PEMF applied with the Magnomega® device and aims to assess their effect during the main stages of the proliferative phase of dermal wound closure, in vitro. Thus, after the characterization of the EMFs delivered by the Magnomega® unit, primary culture of human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) were exposed, or not for the control culture, to 10–12 and 100 Hz ELF-PEMF. These parameters are used in clinical practice by physiotherapists in order to enhance healing of dermal lesions in patients. HDFs proliferation was first assessed and revealed an increase in the expression of one of the two genetic markers of cell proliferation tested (PCNA and MKI67), after initial exposure of the cells to 10–12 Hz PEMF. Next, migration of HDFs was investigated by performing scratch assays on HDF layers. The observed wound closure kinetics corroborate the early organization of actin stress fibers that was revealed in the cytoplasm of HDFs exposed to 100 Hz ELF-PEMF. Also, maturation of HDFs into myofibroblasts was significantly increased in cells exposed to 10–12 or to 100 Hz PEMF. The present study is the first to demonstrate, in vitro, an early stimulation of HDFs, after their exposure to ELF-PEMF delivered by the Magnomega® device, which could contribute to an acceleration of the wound healing process.

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Pulsed electromagnetic fields used in regenerative medicine: An in vitro study of the skin wound healing proliferative phase

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